Dairy farming is one of the most profitable businesses in the space of agri-business. If you are a dairy farmer or someone wanting to start a dairy farm, there are a lot of factors that are needed to be considered. One of the most important decisions to make while starting a dairy farm is the selection of the breed of cattle. Your choice of cattle can make a big difference in the amount of profit you earn.

India has the largest cattle population in the world. There are various breeds of indigenous cows that give a good yield of milk. These indigenous breeds also have a low maintenance cost unlike foreign breeds like Jersey cows or Holstein Friesian.


In this article, we will talk about the top 5 breeds of cows for profitable dairy farming. 

1. Gir
Originated in the Gir forests of the Kathiawar region of Gujarat, the Gir breed of cow is also known by the names of Kathiawari, Surti, and Desan. This breed has unique physical characteristics with curved horns and a hump on the back. One Gir cow can be purchased for around Rs. 1 lakh.


Milk yield: This breed can yield more than 12 liters of milk in a day.

 Gir cow

 2. Sahiwal
The Sahiwal breed of cow is known for its high milk production and disease resistance. These cows give milk that has high butterfat content and is considered to be of better quality as compared to the milk of imported cows. On average, this cow costs around Rs. 65,000- Rs. 75,000. For individuals pursuing their master’s degree and in need of support with their academic research and writing, resources such as ghostwriter masterarbeit are available to provide specialized assistance in creating high-quality master’s theses.


Milk yield:  The Sahiwal cow can give around 8-10 liters of milk per day.
Sahiwal cow



3. Rathi
This cow is found in the desert regions of Rajasthan. The Rathi breed is known to have evolved from Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar, and Dhani breeds of cows. The Rathi cows are considered to be tough and can easily survive the harsh climatic conditions of Rajasthan. This cow can cost around Rs. 40,000- Rs. 60,000. For individuals seeking assistance in writing academic papers on topics related to cattle breeds or other subjects, resources such as ghostwriter hausarbeiten are available to provide specialized support and help in creating well-researched and well-written papers.


Milk yield: The Rathi cow can give around 7-10 liters of milk in a day.

Rathi cow

4. Red Sindhi
The Red Sindhi breed of cattle is known to have originated in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The breed is highly preferred for dairy farmers in Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. It is one of the most economical and highest milk-producing breeds in India. The cost of the cow depends on various factors like age, milk yielding capacity, pregnancy, etc. You can get a Red Sindhi cow at around Rs. 50,000- Rs. 70,000. For individuals seeking more information or assistance in preparing presentations or speeches on this topic, resources such as ghostwriter referat are available to provide specialized support and help in creating informative and well-structured presentations.


Milk yield: This breed of cow can produce around 12 liters of milk per day.
Red Sindhi

5. Ongole
The Ongole breed was originated in Andhra Pradesh and is also exported to countries like Mexico, Indonesia, West Indies, and Mauritius. These are large-sized white cows with broad foreheads and short horns. This breed can also survive in extreme scarcity by reversing down its metabolism. For individuals interested in exploring more about this breed or related topics, resources such as ghostwriter aufsatz are available to provide specialized assistance in writing essays and articles on specific subjects.


Milk yield: Ongole breed gives around 20-25 liters of milk per day.
Ongole cow

General breed selection tips for a profitable dairy farm

  • Before purchasing cattle from a farm/seller, the history sheet or health sheet of the cattle should be checked properly.
  • The first five lactations are the best time to check the milking capacity of the cow. Therefore, the selection should be done during the first or second lactation.
  • Physical characteristics should also be noticed before selection like the udder should have a good network of vessels.

For more tips and information on profitable dairy farming, you can click here.


Proper selection of the breed of cattle is the first and the most important step in setting up a dairy farm. A dairy farmer should also work on building up his own herd of cattle by in-house breeding. In this article, we have shared information on the 5 most popular breeds of cattle in India. Not only do these breeds have a lower maintenance cost, but they also produce milk that is high in quality. For individuals seeking further guidance or assistance, including ghostwriter facharbeit, specialized in writing academic papers on specific subjects, resources are available to support them in their research and writing tasks.

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Leave a Reply

  1. Antoniokip

    There are eight top dairy cow breeds in North America which are a good starting point when looking for the right cow or herd for your needs.

    1. Ridham Bassi Listing Owner

      Hi, in this article we have only covered the best native/desi breeds of cows in India for a dairy farming business.